is a senior researcher at the Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) and has a PhD in political science from the University of Bergen. She is currently the coordinator of the “gender politics” research cluster at CMI. Her research focuses on the intersection between Islam, politics and gen...
- Complex realities and astute actors: Sudanese women’s activism and UN Security Council Resolution 1325
Liv Tønnessen , 28 January 2014
- After the split: post-secession negotiations between South Sudan and Sudan
Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert , Øystein H. Rolandsen , 6 December 2013
- “We are one, but we are different”: Murle identity and local peacebuilding in Jonglei State, South Sudan
Diana Felix da Costa , 13 June 2013
- Friends in need are friends indeed
Diana Felix da Costa , Søren Vester Haldrup , John Karlsrud , Frederik Rosén , Kristoffer Nilaus Tarp , 4 June 2013
- Triangular co-operation for government capacity development in South Sudan
Diana Felix da Costa , Søren Vester Haldrup , John Karlsrud , Frederik Rosén , Kristoffer Nilaus Tarp , 3 May 2013
- The UN Mission in South Sudan and its civilian protection strategy: an early assessment
Jort Hemmer , 8 February 2013
- Negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan: a two-track process could facilitate agreements on outstanding issues
Øystein Rolandsen , Ingrid Marie Breidlid , Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert , 22 August 2012
From impunity to prosecution? Sexual violence in Sudan beyond Darfur
Liv Tønnessen, 12 March 2012
Serious shortcomings in Sudanese laws and practices contribute to the lack of protection of victims of rape in Sudan. There is need for comprehensive legal reform, particularly of Sudan’s Criminal Law of 1991. The categorisation of rape as a form of adultery does not result only in the virtual impossibility of convicting a rapist, but may even lead to the incrimination of the female victim of rape instead. This is particularly problematic considering the widespread use of sexual violence in the Darfur conflict.
One of the encouraging consequences of the international attention on war rapes in Darfur is that women activists are increasingly positioning sexual violence against women as a concern on the national political agenda. Several legal reform initiatives are under way within the country among both state and non-state actors alike. The comprehensiveness of the reforms suggested differs in substance, but there is a consensus among both government and civil society actors that there is a need to differentiate between rape and adultery in current law. This consensus is extremely important, especially considering the
sensitive and increasingly politicised and polarised debate on the topic.
Although women face serious challenges in the Sudanese legal system, it is important to highlight how women activists are launching reform initiatives in order to bring justice to rape victims and to end the system of impunity for rapists. International donors can contribute a great deal in terms of supporting these reform initiatives and facilitating dialogue forums.