Home > Regions > Asia > Pakistan > Exclusion: a hidden driver of Pakistan’s fragility

Author

Clare Castillejo

Clare Castillejo is a senior researcher with the Fundación para las Relaciones Internacionales y el Diálogo Exterior. She has 15 years of experience in research and policy analysis and has worked for leading donors, multilaterals, non-governmental organisations and research institutes. Her regio...
More

Related publications

a A share Email print

Exclusion: a hidden driver of Pakistan’s fragility

Clare Castillejo, 26 April 2012

Deeply entrenched patterns of political, social and economic exclusion are fuelling Pakistan’s fragility. Large segments of the population are denied basic rights, access to resources, or a political voice based on their identity or location. This creates grievances that motivate people to violence. It also perpetuates Pakistan’s elite and unaccountable governance, which itself is a major cause of instability.

There are four main axes of exclusion that most clearly drive Pakistan’s fragility. These are the political and economic exclusion of some regions by the political centre; the exclusion from access to land experienced by much of the rural population; the profound exclusion and violence faced by religious minorities; and the exclusion of many young people and women, which contributes to Pakistan’s demographic instability. Ultimately, all these forms of exclusion serve the interests of Pakistan’s civilian, military and traditional elites. Hence there is little political will to challenge them.

The international community has so far failed to pay sufficient attention to issues of exclusion and inequality within its response to Pakistan’s fragility. European actors are particularly well placed to address exclusion through their political engagement and development assistance to Pakistan. However, they are likely to face strong resistance from Pakistani elites, as well as other challenges. 

Featured

Stay informed

Subscribe to notifications from NOREF.

Follow NOREF

Recommended

 
In pursuit of justice
UN Women
In pursuit of justice
UN Women
 
BBC
BBC
Kurds 'break IS mountain siege'
Kurds 'break IS mountain siege'
Israel brands peace plan 'gimmick'
Israel brands peace plan 'gimmick'
Tests claim Ebosse died from beating
Tests claim Ebosse died from beating
 
Al Jazeera
Al Jazeera
Kurds 'retake ground' from ISIL in Iraq
Kurds 'retake ground' from ISIL in Iraq
Putin says Russian economy will rebound
Putin says Russian economy will rebound
Castro urges US to lift embargo on Cuba
Castro urges US to lift embargo on Cuba
 
ISN
ISN
Central Asia: The Long Road to Statehood
Central Asia: The Long Road to Statehood
Mediation Perspectives 2013-2014
Mediation Perspectives 2013-2014
Financial Regulation in Low-Income Countries: Balancing Inclusive Growth with Financial Stability
Financial Regulation in Low-Income Countries: Balancing Inclusive Growth with Financial Stability