Home > Regions > Middle East and North Africa > The Gulf > Saudi Arabia and the export of religious ideologies

Author

Laurent Bonnefoy

Laurent Bonnefoy is a researcher at the Centre d’études et de recherches internationales, Sciences Po Paris and is the author of Salafism in Yemen : Transnationalism and Religious Identity (Columbia University Press, 2011) and co-editor of Jeunesses arabes : du Maroc au Y é men: loisirs, cult...
More

Related publications

a A share Email print

Saudi Arabia and the export of religious ideologies

Laurent Bonnefoy, 5 September 2013

Saudi Arabia’s history since the mid-18th century has to a large extent been shaped by the relationship between the royal family, the Al Sa‘ud, and religious clerics, in particular those from the Al al-Shaykh clan. This relationship has been structural and has played a central role in maintaining conservative religious policies inside the country. It has also been instrumental in legitimising the monarchy both at the national level and abroad. The fact that the two holiest sites of Islam (Mecca and Medina) are on Saudi soil has further strengthened the relationship that exists between the state and religious actors, the role that Islam plays in defining Saudi foreign policy, and the image of the country at the international level.

This policy brief discusses the impact of this connection between state institutions and religion. It will first stress the diversity of the various ideologies and relationships that structure the politics-religion nexus in Saudi Arabia. In doing so it will stress the importance of not limiting one’s understanding of this nexus to Wahhabism. It will then present the various instruments and mechanisms that contribute to the dissemination or export of religious ideologies beyond Saudi Arabia’s borders. Finally, it will conclude by showing the extent to which Islam is one among many determinants of Saudi foreign policy. 

Featured

Stay informed

Subscribe to notifications from NOREF.

Follow NOREF

Recommended

 
Fighting Feminist Fatigue? Women and Peace Nogotiations
Swisspeace
Fighting Feminist Fatigue? Women and Peace Nogotiations
Swisspeace
 
BBC
BBC
Bomb 'kills senior Egypt policeman'
Bomb 'kills senior Egypt policeman'
Yemen identifying dead 'militants'
Yemen identifying dead 'militants'
Iranian prisoners' families protest
Iranian prisoners' families protest
 
Al Jazeera
Al Jazeera
Ukraine ends 'Easter truce' with separatists
Ukraine ends 'Easter truce' with separatists
US condemns South Sudan massacre as horrific
US condemns South Sudan massacre as horrific
Obama seeks to reassure partners on Asia trip
Obama seeks to reassure partners on Asia trip
 
ISN
ISN
Venezuela: Background and US Relations
Venezuela: Background and US Relations
Is Turkey Returning to the ?Zero Problems? Policy?
Is Turkey Returning to the ?Zero Problems? Policy?
The Rising Power and Influence of Civil Society
The Rising Power and Influence of Civil Society