Publications

Colombia: urban futures in conflict zones
Street Art Bogota Colombia by Juan Cristobal Zulueta with CC licence from Flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/28312366@N08/14351292446/in/photolist-nSb8fE-qPyk2u-4L9c5F-oUJ4Dy-rJuygk-bjvfNY-9ds1WU-h1cREV-nWj1ci-a8UP9N-rrV3mA-rs3z3x-7GVdTf-a77orD-efPHfj-apirTx-adW4kV-8Jgvxg-afZWRJ-ekDAM4-atHgxz-qMuRyW-aaWC1F-aqqNtV-isvqfg-atKVJE-h1cTW8-oMpfio-mEkAys-o1itGw-osSCV3-ouDW5D-qPwUqq-9H44cm-nC2ZUk-fZTmNS-7Sh71o-qsBHEo-8tsNqC-neEJ7W-bH85vt-9pjdb8-fszf4a-ac7eWm-noQFDH-qD9aJ4-iY178x-nYUm9-4qNfmL-epa3XZ Patricia Weiss Fagen 29 April 2015
Taking two Colombian cities as illustrations, the report examines efforts to improve the well-being of internally displaced persons and other victims, focusing on the urban resources and regional development that will be needed in post-conflict Colombia. more  
The design and architecture of peace processes: lessons learned in the wake of crises
Banksy_Armoured Peace Dove by eddiedangerous with CC licence from flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/eddiedangerous/2131727813/in/photolist-atjk9Z-j2Ao4-iyNxU-iYZum-4HVMhQ-4HVNo5-4JwaGU-4JwaLd-6hrKzm-4JU3Ji-6xsQDt-nDCMBr-pB4W4A-4fnEpP-btVY6g-4K1x2K-8Yn7sg-4LnWtR-qgvzhb-4HVN5Y-4JJ7AW-j7mmEF-4JDRBz-7otTRV-4HVNu9-egbCom-gp2USQ-9GyXD6-dcaeVN-65DExN-4JwaYs-nDC55m-kx3AU-j4pNa-4L3F3W-4KJSHh-4frDr1-5RL6ZC-qxTCHF-ig3cm-cRjF3J-4LnVU4-4Kh93F-qgsFvN-4Kmqdf-7t44k3-gp2sp7-gp2Qfv-qgBRKD-4Kh9gF Vicenç Fisas 23 April 2015
Although all conflicts, and therefore all negotiations, are different, substantial national and international experience in handling negotiations shows that there are common factors to be considered in all cases.This study aims to propose frameworks and models for the initial stages of negotiations, and make suggestions for their redes... more  
“Something wicked this way comes”: background to the new extremist challenge in the Middle East and North Africa
Lebanon on Fire by 4WardEver Campaign UK with CC licence from Flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/4wardever/5021373662/in/photolist-8DHRrY-8DHQWE-8DHRtJ-8DEJdX-8DHQZf-8DEJT2-8DEJoP-8DHR2S-8DHQVE-8DEJUr-8DHRwN-6uqTDu-8PLeDe-afWQ37-dauXfH-8sikhN-fZNFTV-oStUNn-8DEJKV-8DHR9q-8DHRyy-8DHRoh-8DHRmb-8DHRch-8DEJBP-8DHRg7-8DEJPF-8DHR83-6uqTGW-6umQZ8-6umP96 George Joffé 20 April 2015
The radically transformed picture of Middle Eastern and North African affairs from that of a year ago is testament to the powerful dynamics that have been unleashed by the political crises in Iraq, Syria and Libya. They have resulted in the emergence of a new variant of political and religious extremism that has successfully challenged... more  
“Something wicked this way comes”: case studies. Background to the new extremist challenge in the Middle East and North Africa
A Nahal Brigade Excercise by Israel Defence Forces with CC licence from flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/idfonline/11322835096/in/photolist-kG346M-p38ZDW-pjmb7T-p38ZsJ-ifyuoL-kG2uRP-dVRbP9-c7txBs-k1qRq6-k1q7jt-k1q84z-qYpw4y-qYovP5-gVLnx8-qjaBAe-qjaBst-ggsMJs-ok4KQg-ok3YxA-kVXJbX-kVYFTE-qYpvY3-ggsNQA-ggt472-ggt9PW-oBxTDZ-ok4LrX-ggt6aw-o99qT2-c7txij-dVRbuo-c7txx7-nRDSi9-dVRbHh-nRDFhS-dVRbpL-dVKzR6-dVRbJd-dVKztr-dVRbSL-ichBbR-dVKzVV-dVRbxG-ichB2x-ichAA2-ichfiS-dVRbq5-dVRbGU-dVRbAQ-ichmww George Joffé 20 April 2015
In a previous NOREF report (”Something Wicked This Way Comes”: Background to the New Extremist Challenge in the Middle East and North Africa ), the background to recent events in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) was analysed. The current report seeks to unpack these issues and demonstrate how they contribute towards the g... more  
An analysis of emerging Pakistani-Iranian ties
Unemployment_people smuggle fuel in occupied Balochistan by Beluchistan with CC licence from flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/drymountains/5645464751/in/photolist-9AStZa-yAmBp-fSt6Jb-6PLD2P-a7sWiE-a7sWeG-a7q566-a7sWb5-a7q51M-a7q4Yr-a7q4Wk-a7q4Uc-a7q4RF-a7sVYQ-a7sVWG-a7sVUG-a7sVR3-dss5md-bbEbRt-yAies-yAier-64fPtp-5EGJ3o-mqxm18-ofP5vG-5EGJ3u-6VBoG-4kuE34-5ECwZV-dHDZmD-9ys8G4-5EGNYm-5EGPu7-8BVGWH-5QNhYW-dzn4J3-q6QHtm-5EGPum-5ECwZX-5EGPuh-rSWEaR-gamBGx-gamH8S-gangoc-gamBxe-ganggP-gangdT-gangnF-gamBtr-ganggt Safdar Sial 14 April 2015
Since 2001, Iran and Pakistan have managed to maintain normal bilateral relations despite some persisting irritants such as border insecurity and their contrasting ties with Saudi Arabia, the U.S., Afghanistan and India. more  
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